Shortage of Nurses

Posted: May 13, 2016

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The University of Virginia is greatly affected by the shortage of nurses. This problem is a worldwide challenge that limits initial advancement and growth in all health sectors. It is a major threat to the health department, and thus possible measures need to be set in place to curb this challenge. In this essay, factors and obstacles that influence successive solving of the nursing problem will be addressed. Besides, factors that however may influence those obstacles will be as well discussed.

Barriers to Nursing Shortages

Demand and supply of the nurses are among the obstacle in the University of Virginia and Virginia City (Patterson, 2011). As identified, there is a total of 10% deficit at this institution. This is due to technological advancements in the hospitals, nurses getting physical and emotional stress and the hospital expanding and becoming big. Due to this, more patients do not receive required services since the nurses are few, and the demand is very high while they nurse are supplied in low quantity.

Another challenge is the education level of the nurses in the whole hospital. In Virginia, students are said to lack direct relation with their tutors as well as mentorship. The schools of nursing are not acting in a quicker demand of the health industry to enroll more students in the profession. Due to this, there is a general decrease in professionals graduating to the nursing field. Nursing as a professional course requires practicing nurses to be registered under the regulating bodies. There is an overall decrease in registered nurses. This has led to a low overall intake of nurses in the hospitals. It is in direct relationship with graduated nurses which is still low thus few registered practitioners.

Besides, nurses are poorly paid in their undertakings. This kills their morale as they lack motivation from earnings. It is known that when a worker is poorly remunerated, there is low output observed as well as going further and leaving the job. If this not well solved, it has emotional effects on the nurses and even their financial matters thus having stress when on duty. In other instances, when a nurse is given more tasks to execute, he/she is faced with the challenge of job burden and over-work (Schwartzhoffer, 2010). It has a negative effect on the nurse and when it persists the nurse becomes unable to control and manage stress level and possibly to withdraw from the job is at a high rate. This problem can only be solved by the availability of more nurses to handle the tasks, which should not be done by one person.

Factors which Influences Obstacle in Nursing Shortages

Having identified the obstacles it is well enough to identify factors which when put in place could help in solving the shortage of nurses. From an economic perspective, the demand and supply of a commodity should be balanced. Otherwise, possible negative outcomes are expected. In this case, hospitals should employ more nurses. That is to increase their supply, which should be targeted to close fully the gap there within. There is in need to balance the number of patients and the number of nurses.

The staffing problem should, however, be also considered. Nurses heavy workload should be eliminated to remove from them stress that originates from the job. It can only be solved by having more nurses employed and subdividing of the job into smaller tasks, which one person can effectively handle and solve patients' issues fully without the anxiety of undone job. Besides, this will greatly reduce nurses' stress and, therefore, promote nurses health as well (Shereian et al., 2013).

All nursing schools should have massive recruitment of the student. It should be directed to the young individuals who have a passion for nursing. By identifying low intakes in institutions as a challenge; institutions should greatly motivate young people to undertake the profession. However, there is also a great need for being observant when conducting this exercise. This is to avoid intake of students who do not have an inner passion for nursing to avoid cases of students dropping the course. In addition to this, it will boost the total graduates, and more nurses are available.

Nursing as a profession requires the practitioners to be registered with the various regulating body that supervise the discipline. In most cases, there are so many requirements, which are put in place. These requirements oppress the young qualified nurses limiting them to perform their tasks. This challenge should be addressed by making it possible and easy, minimizing the processes of registration, the time taken to register a person and quick giving of certificates. 

When a person is entitled to a job, it should fully cater for all his need, ranging from financial to emotional needs. In particular, good remuneration has many positive outcomes that come along with good pay. Nurses should, however, be paid well. It increases their morale on the job, and the job itself in some cases may act as their security. Also, other benefits like overtime payment and allowances should be included. Too much work and low pay have an impact of treating workers not as a person but as a tool. This should not result in the nursing since they directly deal with people and sober mind is required.

Conclusion

The barriers relating to the success of handling nursing shortage being identified as unbalanced demand and supply of nurses, nature of education of nursing profession, nursing membership registration, poor earning of the nurses and high workload. These barriers could be solved by satisfying the hospitals with enough number of nurses to fully cater for the number of patients. Students should also be encouraged to take nursing as a profession and institutions to recruit more people to the field; good remuneration schemes to boost nurses sense of belonging and financial freedom and nurses seeking to be registered; and, the registration process to be made easy and quick. Having done the above shortage of the nurses can be reduced to a lower level.

References

  1. Patterson, J. (2011). The Effects of Nurse to Patient Ratios. Nursing Times, 107(2), 22-25.
  2. Schwartzhoffer, R. V. (2010). Psychology of Burnout: Predictors and Coping Mechanisms. Sydney: Nova Science Pub Incorporated.
  3. Shereian, M., Profit, J., Schumidt, B., Suh, S., Xiao, R., Zupancic, J. A., & DeMauro, S. (2013). Nurse-to-Patient Ratios and Neonatal Outcomes: A Brieef Systematic Review. Neonatology, 104(3), 179-183.
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